Fund Balances and Reserves

Fiscal Year 2024


The City has established a policy to maintain an unassigned fund balance of at least three months of personal and operating costs for the subsequent fiscal year. The Fiscal Policy mandates the establishment of fund balance reserves for both the General Fund as well as the enterprise funds along with various contingencies and reserves for such future expenditures as capital replacement reserve. The General Fund maintains a reservation of fund balances equal to three months or 25% of the General Fund’s personal services and operating costs of the current adopted budget.

Fund Equity

In the fund financial statements, fund balance for governmental funds is reported in classifications that comprise a hierarchy based primarily on the extent to which the City is bound to honor constraints on the specific purpose for which amounts in the funds can be spent. Fund balance may be reported in five components – nonspendable, restricted, committed, assigned, and unassigned.

Nonspendable – This component includes amounts that cannot be spent because they are either (a) not in spendable form or (b) legally or contractually required to be maintained intact. “Not in spendable form” includes items that are not expected to be converted to cash (such as inventories and prepaid amounts) and the long-term amount of advances to other funds.

Restricted – This component consist of amounts that are subject to externally enforceable legal restrictions, which are imposed either (a) by third parties, such as creditors (through debt covenants), grantors, contributors, or laws or regulations of other governments or (b) by law through constitutional provisions or enabling legislation. Enabling legislation authorizes the City to asses, levy, charge or otherwise mandate payment of resources (form external resource providers) and includes a legally enforceable requirement (compelled by external parties) that those resources be used only for the specific purposes stipulated in the legislation.

Committed – This classification includes amounts that can be spent only for specific purposes pursuant to constraints imposed by formal action of the highest level of decision-making authority, the City Commission. Such formal action may be in the form of an ordinance or resolution dependent upon the nature of the matter, may be equally binding and may only be modified or rescinded by a subsequent formal action. The City Commission established a Capital Replacement policy for the Leased Property Fund which committed funds as of September 30, 2022.

Assigned – This component consists of amounts that are constrained by the City’s intent to be used for specific purposes but are neither restricted nor committed. Intent is expressed by (a) City Commission, or (b) pursuant to adopted policy approved by the City Commission, the City Manager or other subordinate high-level body or official possessing the authority to assign amounts to be used for specific purposes. Included in this category is any fund balance carry-forward used to balance the subsequent year’s budget.

Unassigned – This classification represents amounts that have not been restricted, committed or assigned to specific purposes within the General Fund. The General Fund is the only fund that reports a positive unassigned fund balance amount. Other governmental funds besides the General Fund can only report a negative unassigned fund balance amount.

In determining the classification of total spendable fund balance remaining at the end of the fiscal year, when an expenditure is incurred for purposes for which both restricted and unrestricted amounts are available, it is the City’s policy that expenditures will be applied first to restricted fund balance and then to unrestricted fund balance (committed, assigned, and unassigned). When unrestricted fund balance (committed, assigned, or unassigned) is available for use, it is the City’s policy to use committed resources first, then assigned, and then unassigned as needed.