Fiscal Year 2023

ACCRUAL BASIS OF ACCOUNTING - A basis of accounting in which debits and credits are recorded at the time they are incurred, as opposed to when cash is actually received or spent. For example, in accrual accounting, a revenue which was earned between April 1 and April 30, but for which payment was not received until May 10, is recorded as being received on April 30 rather than on May 10.

AD VALOREM TAXES - Property taxes computed as a percentage of the value of real or personal property expressed in mills.

APPROPRIATION - A legal authorization granted by a legislative body to make expenditures and to incur obligations for specific purposes.

ASSESSED VALUATION - The County Property Appraiser’s estimation of the Fair Market Value of real estate or other property. This valuation is used to determine taxes levied upon the property.

BALANCED BUDGET - A balanced budget is where the sources of money used to fund the budget are at least equal to the uses of the money. Sources include revenues, fund balances, reserves, and borrowings.

BOND - A written promise to pay a sum of money on a specific date at a specified interest rate. The most common types of bonds are general obligation and revenue bonds. These are most frequently used for construction of large capital projects, such as buildings, streets, and water and sewer systems.

BOND COVENANT - A legally enforceable promise made by an issuer of bonds to the bondholders, normally contained in the bond resolution (e.g., pledged revenues).

BUDGET - A statement of the financial position of a sovereign body for a definite period of time based on estimates of expenditures during the period and proposals for financing them. Also, the amount of money that is available for, required for, or assigned to a particular purpose.

BUDGET AMENDMENT - Process by which unanticipated changes in revenue or expenditures are made a part of the budget, thereby amending it. These changes require City Commission approval.

BUDGET REAPPROPRIATION - The process of bringing forward unspent dollars from the previous fiscal year budget to the current approved budget.

BUDGET TRANSFER - The process by which approved budgeted dollars may be reallocated between line-item expenditures within the same Fund to cover unforeseen expenses. Requires City Manager approval.

BUDGETARY CONTROL - The control or management of a governmental unit or enterprise in accordance with an approved budget for the purpose of keeping expenditures within the limitations of available appropriations and available revenues.

CAPITAL EXPENDITURES – Expenditures for those projects with a useful life span greater than one year and a cost of at least $1,000.

CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS PROJECTS - These expenditures are related to the acquisition, expansion or rehabilitation of an element of the City’s physical plant.

CAPITAL OUTLAYS - Expenditures that result in the acquisition of or addition to fixed assets.

CASH BASIS OF ACCOUNTING - A basis of accounting in which transactions are recorded when cash is either received or expended for goods and services.

CITY CODE – City of Stuart Code of Ordinances.

CONTINGENCY - A budgetary reserve set aside for emergencies or unforeseen expenditures. CRA – Community Redevelopment Agency.

DEPARTMENT - A major unit of organization in the City which indicates overall an operation or group of related operations within a functional area. DEPRECIATION - (1) Expiration in the service life of fixed assets attributable to wear and tear, deterioration, action of the physical elements, inadequacy and obsolescence. (2) The portion of the cost of a fixed asset which is charged as an expense during a particular period. In accounting, the cost of a fixed asset, less any salvage value, is pro-rated over the estimated service life of such an asset and each period charged with a portion of such cost. Through this process, the entire cost of the asset is ultimately charged off as an expense. DIVISION - A unit of organization which is comprised of a specific operation within a functional area. City Departments may contain one or more Divisions.

ENCUMBRANCE – A reservation of funds to cover purchase orders, contracts or other funding commitments which are yet to be fulfilled. The budget basis of accounting considers an encumbrance to be the equivalent of an expenditure.

ENTERPRISE FUNDS - The funds established to account for operations that are financed and operated in a manner similar to private business enterprises, where the intent of the governing body is that the costs (expenses, including depreciation) of providing goods or services to the general public on a continuing basis be financed or recovered primarily through user charges.

ERP - Enterprise Resource Program

ESTIMATED REVENUES - Projections of funds to be received during the fiscal year. EXPENDITURES - The cost of goods delivered or services rendered including operating expenses, capital outlays and debt service.

FISCAL YEAR - The period of 12 months to which the annual budget applies. The City’s fiscal year begins October 1 and ends September 30.

FIXED ASSETS - Assets of a long-term character which are intended to continue to be held or used, such as land, buildings, machinery, equipment and improvements (other than buildings).

FRANCHISE FEE - Fees levied on a corporation in return for granting a privilege, sanctioning monopoly, or permitting the use of public property, usually subject to regulation.

FUND – An independent governmental accounting entity with a self-balancing group of accounts including assets, liabilities and fund balance. Types of funds include Governmental (Capital Projects, Debt Services, General Fund and Special Revenue); Proprietary (Enterprise Funds); and Fiduciary Funds (Trust and Agency Funds).

FUND BALANCE - Fund equity for governmental funds and trust funds which reflects the accumulated excess of revenues and other financial sources over expenditures and other uses for general governmental functions. FY – Fiscal Year.

GASB - Governmental Accounting Standards Board, which sets standards for governmental accounting.

GENERAL FUND REVENUE - Most of the City revenue sources are channeled through the General Fund. Such revenues are commonly generated by fees, charges, taxes

and intergovernmental revenues.

GOVERNMENTAL FUND TYPES - Funds used to account for the acquisition, use and balances of expendable financial resources and the related current liabilities, except those accounted for in proprietary and fiduciary funds.

GRANTS - A contribution by the Federal or State government to subsidize specific projects, either partially or entirely.

IMPACT FEES - Fees charged to developers to cover the anticipated cost of improvements that will be needed as a result of growth and development, i.e., water and sewer.

INFRASTRUCTURE - The basic installations and facilities on which the continuance and growth of the City depends, such as roads, schools, and water and sewer systems.

INTERFUND TRANSFERS - Transfers of resources between funds that are neither recorded as revenues to the fund receiving nor expenditures to the fund providing.

INTERGOVERNMENTAL REVENUE - Funds received from federal, state and other local government sources in the form of grants, shared revenues, and payments in lieu of taxes.

L.E.T.F. – Law Enforcement Trust Fund

LEVY - To impose taxes, special assessments, or service charges for the support of City activities.

LONG-TERM DEBT - Debt with a maturity of more than one year after the date of issuance.

MILLAGE RATE - The amount of tax stated in terms of a unit of the tax base; for example, each mill generates $1 for every $1,000 of assessed valuation of taxable property.

MODIFIED ACCRUAL BASIS OF ACCOUNTING - A basis of accounting in which expenditures are recognized when the related fund liability is incurred, but revenues are accounted for on a cash basis. This accounting technique is a combination of cash and accrual accounting, since expenditures are immediately incurred as a liability while revenues are not recorded until they are actually received or available and measurable. This type of accounting basis is a conservative financial approach and is recommended as the standard for most governmental funds.

OPERATING BUDGET - The portion of the budget that pertains to daily operations that provide basic governmental services.

ORDINANCE - A formal legislative enactment by the City Council, barring conflict with higher law, having the full force and effect of law within the City.

PROPRIETARY FUND TYPES - A group of funds in which the services provided are financed and operated similarly to those of a private business.

RETAINED EARNINGS - An equity account reflecting the accumulated earnings of an Enterprise Fund.

REVENUE - Additions to assets which (a) do not increase any liability, (b) do not represent the recovery of an expenditure, (c) do not represent the cancellation of certain liabilities or decrease in assets, and (d) do not represent contributions of fund capital in Enterprise Funds.

ROLL-BACK RATE - The millage necessary to raise the same amount of Ad Valorem Tax revenue as the previous year excluding taxes from new construction.

SPECIAL ASSESSMENT - A compulsory levy made against certain properties to defray part or all of the cost of a specific improvement or service deemed to primarily benefit those properties.

SPECIAL REVENUE FUND - A fund used to account for receipts from revenue sources that have been earmarked for specific activities and related expenditures.

TRIM - TRuth In Millage

USER FEES - Charges for specific services rendered only to those using such services, i.e., sewer service charge.

UTILITY TAXES - Municipal charges levied by the City on each and every purchase of a public service within the corporate limits of the City. Public service includes electricity, gas, fuel, oil, water service, and telephone service.