Transportation related issues are a high priority for the City of Royal Oak. The Capital Improvement Program addresses road conditions by improving roadway pavements, performing traffic studies, implementing lane conversions where appropriate, and replacing outdated traffic signal infrastructure.

The maintenance and preservation of roadways is an important component of the program and provides the necessary resources for scheduled pavement maintenance applications throughout the City. Roads within the City of Royal Oak are primarily under the City’s jurisdiction, except for some roadway sections (I‐75, I‐696, Woodward Avenue, 10 Mile Road, 12 Mile Road, 14 Mile Road) which are under the jurisdiction of the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) or the Road Commission of Oakland County (RCOC). The roads owned by the City are further categorized as Local Streets or Major Streets according to guidelines established by Act 51. Private roads are owned and operated by private developments and homeowner groups.

The City has a formal asset management program that categorizes roads based on their Pavement Surface Evaluation and Rating (PASER). Roads in poor condition would be candidates for reconstruction or rehabilitation. Those in fair condition would receive capital preventive maintenance, while roads in good condition would be candidates for routine maintenance work. Pavement management best practices include a mix of fixes to keep fair and good roads from declining, while also correcting poor roads as needed. Road projects in the City’s CIP plan are funded, in part, from a dedicated 2.5 mills road millage that was approved by voters, generating approximately $7 million dollars per year. The current millage expires in 2024, however, it is expected that voters will be asked to support a 10‐year millage renewal that would continue the program through 2034.